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How is chocolate made? Cocoa beans are ground into powder. It is flavored with Cocoa butter and then mixed with fresh milk to create chocolate. Ultimately, chocolate is a sweet treat that gives a mouth-watering sensation. In addition to the bean itself, chocolate is made with cocoa liquor and other ingredients, including fresh milk. While chocolate is not made in factories, it is manufactured in several steps.
Cocoa beans are ground into powder
The first step in the process is to screen the raw cocoa beans for foreign matter. This removes any foreign matter, while cleaning the beans and separating the lighter shells. Next, they are sieved in a machine equipped with an electro-magnet to remove any metallic particles. Then they are micronized in a gas-fired oven to loosen their shells and reduce the microbiological load.
The process of processing the cocoa bean has been around for many centuries, beginning with the Mayans. The Mayans, who worshipped the cocoa tree, made a ceremonial drink out of the bean and vanilla bean. The Mayans then began to export the beans to Europe, where the wealthy coveted them. Eventually, mechanized grinding of cocoa beans became possible, and it was exported to other countries.
Cocoa butter imparts the mouth feel to chocolate
While it has no flavor, cocoa butter gives chocolate its smooth texture. Cocoa butter is a natural fat, and its composition is unusual among all natural fats. It is a semi-solid that melts at body temperature, making it perfect for the chocolate industry. Its moisturizing properties have also made it a common ingredient in cosmetic products, such as lotions, shampoos, and soaps. Some chocolatiers use vegetable fat instead of cocoa butter, however, despite its unique characteristics.
Several different processes are used to extract cocoa butter, including solvent extraction, physical extraction, and cold pressing. The deodorising process removes most of the volatiles that give chocolate flavour. Cocoa butter is deodorised at 104-110 degC and is then cooled to 70 degC for storage. Deodorising removes the natural antioxidants from cocoa butter and pesticides from the chocolate. This process takes around two to ten days.
Hershey uses fresh milk to make chocolate
Hershey’s uses fresh milk from local farms to create its famous chocolate bars. The Hershey Process milk chocolate was one of the first mass-produced varieties in the United States, and is highly recognized for its delicious milk chocolate flavor, even today. These chocolate bars have a tangy taste that’s unique to Hershey’s. Other manufacturers add butyric acid, a chemical found in milk, to the chocolate, in order to create a tangy flavor.
The company manufactures its chocolate in Brazil, India, and China, but the process is the same. Hershey uses fresh milk from a 90-mile radius of its West Hershey plant, which uses approximately 300,000 gallons of milk per day. The company is one of the few major manufacturers of chocolate milk in the US. This practice helps maintain a high quality of chocolate for consumers and also keeps milk costs down.
Cocoa liquor is the “essence of the bean”
The process of making chocolate begins when the cacao bean is harvested from its pod. After fermentation, the cacao beans are dried and cleaned, then roasted to release their flavor. The cacao shells are removed and the cocoa nibs are ground to make cocoa mass. This cocao mass is combined with other ingredients to create commercial chocolate. The cocoa liquor is then extracted, and may also be processed into cocoa solids or cocoa butter.
The process of making chocolate begins with crushing the roasted bean and separating it from the shell. After this, the chocolate maker grinds the cocoa liquor and extracts pure cocoa butter. The “essence of the bean” has over 300 chemical compounds and is essential to delivering chocolate’s distinctive flavor. It is also rich in flavonoids, which help lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Hershey’s goal is to achieve 100% sustainable cocoa
While the company has made some commitments to use certified cocoa, some are still a long way off. In 2018, Hershey pledged to invest $500 million in sustainable cocoa practices in West Africa by 2030. Other major brands, such as Mars, have committed to using 100% sustainable cocoa by 2025. Barry Callebaut has a similar goal, aiming to make 100% of its ingredients sustainable by 2025. As of this year, the company has reached 51% of its sustainability goal.
Hershey’s sustainability efforts are not merely a good cause. They have a significant impact on the bottom line. The company has also announced a package of environmental initiatives designed to improve cocoa farming. One aspect of this strategy is helping farmers diversify their crops. By doing so, it helps increase the farmers’ economic sustainability. The company also encourages farmers to plant more trees, which increases the productivity of cocoa trees. Hershey considers cocoa to be the key ingredient in their chocolate products.