Last Updated on March 25, 2024 by JY machinetech

You’ve probably wondered how biscuits are made. Besides the ingredients, you may also be interested in the baking and browning processes. This article will provide some insights into the production of biscuits. So, what goes into a biscuit? Read on to learn more! Below are the steps in biscuit production. What’s in a Biscuit? How is it made? And what goes into the packaging?


Unlike cakes, biscuits are made of wheat flour and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. Biscuits are also often made with invert syrup, salt, and leavening agents. There are also various flavourings added to biscuits. Biscuits are popular with kids and adults alike. They are a great home-base business that’s both profitable and healthy. Here are some common ingredients found in factory-made biscuits.

Simple biscuits, such as butter biscuits, contain 44% glucose, 13% Marie, and 12% other ingredients. There are also crackers and milk biscuits. Some even include chocolate or cream. Biscuit factories have several machines that process the ingredients into a perfect dough. During the mixing process, dough temperature is also important. The dough will be shaped into different shapes, and then transported to the oven to bake.

Baking process

In a factory, the baking process of biscuits starts with the molding process. After the molding process is complete, the biscuits are sent to a massive oven. These ovens are either coal-fired, gas-fired, or electricity-heated. The temperature in these ovens is controlled precisely to maintain the correct moisture content and develop the biscuit structure. Once baked, the biscuits are transferred to a conveyor to cool down. Then, the biscuits are packaged in various forms. In a primary pack, the biscuits are placed into a plastic bag or a carton.

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Around the 1850s, new types of biscuit cutters and mixing machines were invented. Entrepreneurs setting up biscuit factories were the first to use mixers. George Palmer, who had practical baking knowledge, designed early mixers. These machines were vertical spindle and lasted into the twentieth century. Early cutters were reciprocating and looked very similar to hand-cut biscuits. These machines remained in production until the 1960s.

Packaging process

There are many things to keep in mind when it comes to the packaging process of biscuits in factories. Moisture pick up and loss can cause biscuits to deteriorate. The biscuits can also develop off flavors and rancidity due to moisture in the pack. Additionally, insects may make their way into the biscuits’ packaging and cause a secondary problem. If you’d like to avoid these problems, you’ll want to pay attention to these details.

The packaging process of biscuits in factories differs depending on the collation and style of the product. The most common forms of packaging are automatic machines or conveyor systems. The biscuits are then transported in jumbled piles, columns, or other forms. For each type of biscuit, the packaging system has convenient sorting features, such as the ability to identify the biscuit’s size. These machines can process up to 150 packs per minute and can be used to pack a variety of products.

Browning process

The traditional baking process is carried out by combining the ingredients into a dough. However, the type of ingredients, the order in which they are mixed, and the temperature that they are baked at all have a bearing on the final result. Several factors must be considered to ensure that the final biscuit is evenly brown or dark chocolate. Here, a detailed explanation of the process of biscuit baking is given. Using a mixer is another option. However, the ingredients used are dependent upon the type of biscuits that are being made.

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DF, a soluble polymer, is known to inhibit the formation of air bubbles in the final product. Higher levels of DF result in fewer air bubbles. However, biscuits with high levels of F do not show any significant reduction in air bubbles, and a large number of air bubbles can be seen toward the end of the baking process. In contrast, biscuits with a high level of F were also susceptible to air bubbles, although they were less pronounced than those containing a high level of DF.

Flavouring process

There are several methods used for flavouring baked products in factories. Some of the most common are powders that are used in the biscuit making process. Other methods include the inclusion of liquid flavours in the batter before baking or the use of dusting and spraying after baking. Some of the methods involve adding flavours to non-baked portions of the biscuit. These methods are not recommended for biscuits because they are generally too messy and have strong odours.

The process of baking a biscuit begins by incorporating water into the dough. As the temperature increases, water and air bubbles expand rapidly, causing a significant increase in the volume. The water in the dough causes starch molecules to start to gelatinising. Fortunately, there is rarely enough water in a biscuit to fully gelatinise the starch, especially in short doughs. After reaching 70degC, the dough pieces are stable and well-formed. A further 70degC is reached when the starch gelatinisation process begins. Sodium bicarbonate is a residual salt and has a darkening effect on biscuits.

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